Langley Park

© 2013 David Eyre

Western Australia’s First Airport

Norman  Brearley’s airline, Western Australian Airways (WAA), began the first airline  operations in Australia in 1921 (a year before Qantas), based at Langley Park. Since then, aviation has played a key role in  the development of Western Australia.

Norman Brearley foresaw a great  future for aviation, which began when he saw the first aeroplane flight in  Western Australia, at Belmont Park Race Course in January 1911.

During World  War One, Brearley joined the Royal Flying Corps, becoming a pilot after less  than two hours’ instruction. As a fighter pilot over the Western Front, he shot  down several enemy aircraft before he himself was shot down and seriously  wounded, with both lungs punctured by bullets. After recovering, he became an  advanced flying instructor.

In July 1919,  Brearley brought two military surplus Avro 504J aircraft back to Perth, to  demonstrate the potential of aviation. He conducted a public demonstration and  joyride flights in 1919 from the WACA, Claremont Showgrounds, and Loton Park  (East Perth Football Ground). Initially, he  based the aircraft in a hangar next to Belmont Park Race Course, but he felt  that it was too far from the city centre, and not suitable for use as an  airfield, being too small, boggy and subject to flooding from the Swan River.

When flying  over the city of Perth in late 1919, Brearley noticed a rectangular patch of  flat ground next to the river, extending east from Victoria Avenue. He enquired  about using this land as an airfield, and Michael Durack invited Brearley to  build a hangar at the foot of his property (263 Adelaide Terrace). Even though  it was public land, and without official permission, Brearley accepted.

In late 1919, he moved the Avro hangar  from Belmont to the northwest corner of the Langley Park, where Terrace Road now  meets Victoria Avenue.

At that time,  the field had only recently been formed through land reclamation next to the  Swan River, and was not named Langley Park until 1938. At 275 by 180 metres, it  was one third of the length it is today.

By 1920,  Brearley was conducting charter and joy flights from country towns all over WA,  from Albany in the south, to Onslow in the north, and Kalgoorlie in the east. As  there were no airfields and very few cars, he landed on bush tracks or roads. The  experience which Brearley gained whilst operating in this desolate, remote area  later proved useful when he established his airline.

In May 1921,  the Federal Government advertised tenders for the first subsidised air-mail and  passenger contract in Australia between Geraldton and Derby. Perth was initially  not included in the route due to Government policy of non-competition with  existing railway services.

On 2 August,  1921, Brearley was advised that his tender had been accepted. He immediately  confirmed an order for six Bristol Tourer aircraft and set about establishing  the first airline in Australia (and the Southern Hemisphere), Western Australian  Airways. On 23 August 1921, Brearley was issued with the first pilot’s licence  in Australia. One of the pilots he recruited was Charles Kingsford-Smith, who  later became world famous for his long-distance record flights.

On  the afternoon of Saturday 3 December 1921, several thousand people gathered at  Langley Park for an inauguration ceremony by the Governor of WA. The next morning  (4 December), three Bristol Tourers took off from Langley Park bound for  Geraldton, to prepare for the first service from Geraldton to Derby the  following day.

On Monday 5  December 1921, Western Australian Airways took off to begin Australia’s first  scheduled airline service. Tragedy struck when one of the aircraft crashed near  Murchison House Station, killing both men. The two remaining aircraft were  flown back to Perth the next day.

In  mid-December 1921, Brearley checked the airfields on the route and found them  to be unsafe. He informed the Government that services would be suspended until  they improved the airfields. He resumed the service in February 1922.

The  success of Brearley’s operation led to the Government awarding a similar air  service contract in Queensland and the Northern Territory, to QANTAS (Queensland  And Northern Territory Aerial Services), but soon after starting, QANTAS ran  into difficulty. The Government asked Brearley to assist QANTAS, and he  provided all of his safety and operating procedures, setting a foundation of  safety for which Qantas later became world-famous.

In 1923, the  Federal Government agreed to extend the airmail service to Perth, despite  protests from railway operators. Later that year, the Government acquired the  south-western part of the Maylands peninsula for use as Perth’s first official airport. Brearley was given  approval to move his hangars from the unofficial airport at Langley Park, which he had used since 1920, to Maylands Aerodrome.  On 15 January 1924 at 5.20 pm, the first WAA aircraft on the north-west service  landed at Maylands, ending an interesting era at Langley Park.

Recent use of Langley Park as an airfield

After WAA moved  to the official airport at Maylands, Langley Park was lengthened further  through land reclamation. Whilst mainly used for sporting and community events,  it is still used occasionally as an airfield.

The Sport  Aircraft Association of Australia held large scale fly-ins every three years,  each being on the Labour Day long weekend in March, from 1984 to 1999. Another  fly-in was planned for 2003, but cancelled due to massive insurance costs. The  largest gathering was 134 aircraft at the 1996 event.

A number of  other commemorative flights have been held at Langley Park. The larger events  were held in 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2009, with up to 17 aircraft landing. Others  involved long-distance flights by single aircraft to raise funds for charity.

The Red Bull  Air Race World Series was held each November from 2006 to 2008, and in April  2010. The race course consisted of inflatable pylons on the Swan River. Langley  Park was used as the airfield, with a temporary control tower and hangars. Up  to 14 pilots and aircraft from all over the world were based there for up to  six days, and up to 300,000 spectators attended each event.

In March 1995  and September 1997, a Caribou transport aircraft of 38 Squadron based at RAAF  Pearce landed at Langley Park for a medical evacuation exercise. These were the  largest aircraft to ever land at Langley Park.

Langley Park  has also served an important role in emergencies. In March 1999, a Sikorsky  S-76A RAAF rescue helicopter landed at Langley Park with medical evacuees from  the hospital at Moora, which had been flooded. In December 1997, a Tiger Moth of  the Royal Aero Club of WA suffered a loss of engine power over Perth, and made  an emergency landing at Langley Park.

In May 2011, Langley Park was  given an interim listing on the State Heritage Register, recognising its  historic significance as the base for the first regular airline service in  Australia.

Langley Park’s pioneering role in  the development of airline operations in Australia is worthy of recognition by  aviation events such as fly-ins, which also boost the local economy by  attracting visitors from around the globe.

Langley Park is indeed unique – it  is the only place in the world where aircraft fly from a grass airstrip in the  heart of a city, continuing to build on a proud aviation tradition which has  lasted for over 90 years.

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